The first direction for using the tool was to counteract shell companies, as they are the basis of the shadow economy. Typically, these are companies with a nominal director, carrying out fictitious mutual settlements. They are used for cashing out criminal proceeds, artificially increasing expenses, tax evasion, and embezzlement of budget funds.
The system already contained signs of unreliable counterparties, such as the absence of employees, low tax burden, legal address at the mass registration site, lack of fixed assets and bank accounts, small authorized capital, and others.
Initially, with the help of the RFM solution, all companies with large turnovers were analyzed for signs of unreliability. FMA analysts, together with Datanomix.pro experts, processed data for more than 2,000 unreliable firms with a turnover of over 3 trillion tenge (about 7 million dollars at that year's exchange rate). Information on these organizations and their financial transactions was uploaded into the system. Thus, a database of shadow flows throughout the country was formed.
All companies were subsequently grouped by certain characteristics into 130 groups, which were transferred to investigative and operational units. By the beginning of 2021, the FMA had successfully liquidated 117 cash-out groups. Among them, 29 organized criminal groups were identified, and 8 of them received convictions.
In 2021, a verdict was issued against a group of persons including Sugirbayev, Abdraimov, and five others, who, as part of an organized criminal group, created 21 companies, cashed out 1.4 billion tenge and caused damage to the state for 26 billion tenge.